For me, songs work the same way. I can hear a song from long ago and suddenly I'm transported to the past. Luckily the only songs that seem to do this are ones associated with happy memories.
Here are some of my favorites:
The Who "Baba O'Riley" - this reminds me of hanging out at Mary Sue's house (yes, I had a friend named Mary Sue - how 50's). They had a cool pool and horses. What a great place to be when you're a young teen aged girl.
Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons - Marge and I spent many hours singing into our brushes listening to these guys.
Orleans - "Still the One" combined with M*A*S*H - Does it get any better? This clip combines high school and college for me.
Now my poor kids will have to listen to oldies for the rest of the day. Luckily they don't seem to mind - they probably just think it's funny to watch me dance around and sing.